The size of Kenya’s population hit 47,564,300 in 2019 consisting of 23.5 million males and 24 million females. The growth rate stands at 2.2 per cent. The sex ratio is 98.1 males per 100 females.
In the last census in 2009, the population hit 37.7 million. In 1999, Kenya had a total population of 28.7 million.
According to data from Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Kenya’s population density is now 82 persons per square kilometre with the size of an average household made up of 3.9 people.
The 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census (KPHC) was conducted in August 2019 and followed the United Nations principles and recommendations for conducting the 2020 round of census.
The Census collected information on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population. In addition, information relating to housing amenities and emigrants was collected.
Nairobi City leads as County with the highest population of 4,397,073 made up of 2,192,452 males and 2,204,376 females, and 245 intersex. It is followed by Kiambu County 2,417,735, Nakuru 2,162,202, Kakamega 1,867,579, Bungoma 1,670,570, Meru 1,545,714, Kilifi 1,453,787, Machakos 1,421,932, Kisii 1,266,860, Mombasa 1,208,333, Uasin Gishu 1,163,186, Narok 1,157,873, Kisumu 1, 155, 574, Kitui 1,136,187 and Homa Bay 1,131,950.
In Nairobi County, Embakasi Sub County has the highest population of 988,800 followed by Kasarani 780,656, Njiru 626, 482, Westlands 308,854, Starehe 210,423, Mathare 206,564, Langata 197, 489, Makadara 189,536 and Kibra 185,777.
This year’s census collected information on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population. In addition, information relating to housing amenities and emigrants was collected.
The theme for the census was “Counting Our People for Sustainable Development and Devolution of Services”.
The theme resonates well with Kenya’s development agenda -Vision 2030 and the Big Four, as well as other regional and international development initiatives including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the African Union Agenda 2063.
Data in this census responds to the ever-increasing demand for official statistical information and provides benchmark information for other statistical development and infrastructure.
“The 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume I report is the first in a series of census publications. It presents the distribution of the enumerated population by sex; number of households; and average household size, at national, county and sub-county levels. Also contained in the report is information on land area and population density, as per the administrative boundaries. Further work is ongoing to produce basic and in-depth analytical topical reports on the Census,” said Zachary Mwangi Director General, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.
The main census enumeration was preceded by EA boundary identification and pre-enumeration listing of households in each EA for two days on 22nd and 23rd August 2019.
The pre-enumeration listing exercise helped in gauging the expected workload during the 7 days of enumeration. The actual enumeration took place from the night of 24th/25th August 2019 and ended on 31st August 2019.